This paper is divided into three(3) sections(Comprehension, Lexis, and Structure).
Instructions: Read the following passage very carefully and answer the questions that follow choosing from the alternatives A-D.
WHERE HAVE ALL THE FORESTS GONE?
Deforestation has serious consequences. It leads to soil erosion which was an underlying cause of Ethiopia’s famine. Crops of maize are planted on 45 degrees slopes without terraced. Within three or four seasons, the soil has been washed away by the torrential rains, and the hill is useless for farming.
Another consequence is more subtle forests held on to moisture and are essential creators of rainfall through transpiration. Extensive deforestation may have exacerbated the drought in Africa: fewer forests mean less rainfall and desertification.
For the key and push down on the lower, flatter bush country and its chances of successful farming are little better. Here the soil is as dry as dust; it needs careful management if its to produce food. But the newly arrived shamba farmers don’t have the experience to farm effectively. There isn’t enough rainfall here to grow maize. So it has to be grains like millet and sorghum. In years of severe drought, even these grains do not produce a good harvest and malnutrition in these areas is an increasing problem.
The real energy crisis is in wood and not oil. Trees are falling faster than nature or man is replacing them. This dry land is really much better suited for grazing cattle or goats, but it’s so easy to overgraze. When the sparse vegetation is made even sparser, the topsoil is liable to blow away. Soil erosion on the marginal line is as bad as on the hills.
This is a timed quiz. You will be given 300 seconds to answer all questions. Are you ready?
Deforestation has had serious consequences in Africa. One of such is
Another less obvious but serious consequences of deforestation is
Which of the following is not true according to the passage
Which of the following is true according to the passage
Which of these words can be used in place of "exacerbated"?
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